REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10157 – Kindergarten Education Act

This law made  kindergarten an integral part of the basic education system in the Philippines. The law states, thus:

*  Kindergarten education is hereby institutionalized as part of basic                               education and for school year 2011-2012 shall be implemented partially, and thereafter, it shall be made mandatory and compulsory for entrance to Grade 1.

*  Medium of Instruction. – The State shall hereby adopt the mother tongue-based multilingual education (MTB-MLE) method. The mother tongue of the learner shall be the primary medium of instruction for teaching and learning in the kindergarten level. However, exceptions shall be made to the following cases:

                          (a) When the pupils in the kindergarten classroom have different mother tongues or when some of them speak another mother tongue;

                                (b) When the teacher does not speak the mother tongue of the learners;

(c) When resources, in line with the use of the mother tongue, are not yet available; and

(d) When teachers are not yet trained how to use the MTB-MLE program.

                           In such exceptional cases, the primary medium of instruction shall be determined by the DepEd aligned with the framework being used in the elementary level including teacher training and production of local resources and materials under DepEd Order No. 74, series of 2009.

                The DepEd, in coordination with the Commission on Filipino Language and in close collaboration with academic and research institutions concerned with education, shall formulate a mother tongue-based multilingual framework for teaching and learning: Provided, That the DepEd will include teaching strategies as defined in Section 7(c) which aims to introduce and eventually strengthen the child’s understanding of English, which is the official language.

In short,  Kindergarten is now a mandatory requirement before a child can enroll in grade school. The medium for instruction shall depend on the language the child is mostly exposed to while growing up prior to enrolling in Kindergarten. The mother tongue refers to the different regional languages including Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, etc. which will the medium of instruction in the place where the Kindergarten is located.

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2 thoughts on “REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10157 – Kindergarten Education Act

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